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Biomass pellets can be made from barley straw, sawdust, switchgrass, bark, logging leftovers among others. Places that you can find biomass pellets being used are homes and commercial settings.
Instead of using wood-fired equipment people can decide to use pellet stoves and boilers when using biomass pellets.
In some cases, instead of waiting for the waste products of farms, energy crops can be grown for making pellets and they include switchgrass, hemp, reed canary grass, miscanthus just to mention of a few.
Land that is not suitable for farming can be used to grow this energy plants that are used to make biomass pellets. To meet the increasing demand for biomass pellets, farming of energy plants that can produce biomass pellets is on the increase. Homeowners also have the option of making their own biomass pellets using equipment that they can buy that is suitable for home use.
Only those who have some time on their hands can be able to make their own biomass pellets but those who do not have time can buy them from the shops.
The advantages of using biomass pellet are that they’re more energy dense and easy-to-use. They’re also environmentally friendly because they use natural materials. Most of the pellets you find are cylindrical in shape and small in size.
Pellets come in a dry, hard form and this last a long time. A small amount of ash is what determines a good quality pellet after combustion. Biomass pellets come in two forms such as the premium pellets and standard pellets.
The two types of pellets can be differentiated by the amount of ash they produce after combustion. Premium pellets are the most common types of pellets in the market and they have an ash content of less than 1%. The percentage of ash for standard pellets is close to 2% or slightly more.
There are specially designed biomass pellet stoves which are suitable for burning pellets that are not made of wood. Before packaging, the process of making biomass pellets includes feedstock grinding, moisture control, cooling, and extrusion.
High-quality biomass pellets can be achieved when the steps for making the biomass pellets are followed to precision.
Materials that can be used to make biomass pellets can also include waste paper, residual forest waste, cornstalks, cordwood and agricultural by-products.
One can find that biomass pellets are normally uniform in shape, moisture, size, energy content and density. Since the pellets are small they are easy to store and transport to one’s home or business. A business or home can have a lot of energy stored in their home or business despite the small size of the pellets.